Liege is a city in eastern Belgium, located on the river Meuse. Its historical origins date back to ancient times, when there was a Roman fortified camp called Leodium. Some time later, a settlement was formed around it, which very quickly grew into a larger commercial centre.
History of Liege
In the second half of the 7th century, the then bishop of Maastricht, St Lambert, was active in the Liege area and converted the local pagans to the Catholic faith. Around the year 700, he was murdered on the streets of the city. Some time later, on the spot where he died, the construction of a basilica was started, which later became a place of worship and a destination for numerous pilgrimages. The strategic location of Liege made it a target for frequent attacks. This forced the city’s rulers to extend the local fortifications and build a new castle. For most of its history Liege remained an independent city. From the 10th century onwards, it was the seat of the prince-bishops for eight consecutive centuries. The last of them was exiled in 1794 by the French revolutionaries, who also completely destroyed St Lambert’s Cathedral (today there is a square in its place). In the 19th century Liege was one of the most important centres of iron and steel production in Europe.
Monuments of Liege
Today Liege is the main economic and cultural centre of Wallonia and also the capital of the Ardennes and the province of the same name. The oldest part of the city is located on the west bank of the river and is divided into two parts: the new town and the old town. Many interesting monuments can be found in their area. The most important are, among others, the magnificent Bishop’s Palace built in the 16th century and extended two centuries later, the Gothic St. Paul’s Cathedral with the tomb of the city, St. Lambert, the 18th century building of the Town Hall, St. Martin’s Basilica, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Perron, which is one of the symbols of the city (it used to symbolise the justice of the bishop). When visiting Liege, it is also worth going to the remains of the old citadel on a picturesque hill (Montagne de Bueren). Only the fortifications that surround the modern hospital have survived to the present day. The strenuous climb is compensated for by stunning views across the city.
Moving to the historic city of Liege
If you’re a fan of art and culture and are no stranger to the sights and history of Europe, Liege is the place to be. It is a city rich in history and monuments. Strolling through the streets of the city, every day you can discover something new that captures your attention and interest. Move in and enjoy the art of this historic city.